Journal article

Effects of Glucosylation and O-Acetylation on the Conformation of Shigella flexneri Serogroup 2 O-Antigen Vaccine Targets


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Publication Details

Author list: Hlozek J, Ravenscroft N, Kuttel M

Publisher: American Chemical Society

Publication year: 2020

Journal: Journal of Physical Chemistry B

Volume number: 124

Issue number: 14

Start page: 2806

End page: 2814

Total number of pages: 9

ISSN: 1520-6106

eISSN: 1520-5207

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpcb.0c01595


Abstract

Shigellosis is an enteric disease with high morbidity and mortality, particularly in developing countries. There is currently no licensed vaccine available. Most infection is caused by Shigella flexneri, of which 30 serotypes have been recognized based on O-antigen polysaccharide structure. Almost all S. flexneri serotypes share the same repeating unit backbone (serotype Y), with varying glucosylation, O-acetylation and phosphorylation. The O-antigen is the primary vaccine target; the vaccine valency (and hence cost) can be reduced by crossprotection. Our planned systematic conformational study of S. flexneri starts here with 2a, the dominant cause of infection globally. We employ microsecond molecular dynamics simulations to compare the conformation of the unsubstituted serotype Y backbone with the serogroup 2 Oantigens, to investigate the effect of glucosylation and O-acetylation (O-factor 9) on conformation. We find that serotype Y is highly flexible, whereas glucosylation in 2a restricts flexibility and induces C-curve conformations. Further, the glucose side-chains adopt two distinct conformations, corroborated by the antibody-bound crystal structure data. Additional substitution on O-3 of rhamnose A (whether O-acetylation in 2a or glucosylation in 2b) induces helical conformations. Our results suggest that the O-3-acetylated 2a antigen will elicit cross-protection against 2b, as well as other serotypes containing O-factor 9.


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Last updated on 2020-30-10 at 11:28