Journal article

A Systematic Review of Submaximal Cycle Tests to Predict, Monitor, and Optimize Cycling Performance


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Publication Details

Author list: Capostagno B, Lambert MI, Lamberts RP

Publisher: Human Kinetics

Publication year: 2016

Journal: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance

Journal name: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF SPORTS PHYSIOLOGY AND PERFORMANCE

Volume number: 11

Issue number: 6

Start page: 707

End page: 714

Total number of pages: 8

ISSN: 1555-0265


Abstract

Finding the optimal balance between high training loads and recovery is a constant challenge for cyclists and their coaches. Monitoring improvements in performance and levels of fatigue is recommended to correctly adjust training to ensure optimal adaptation. However, many performance tests require a maximal or exhaustive effort, which reduces their real-world application. The purpose of this review was to investigate the development and use of submaximal cycling tests that can be used to predict and monitor cycling performance and training status. Twelve studies met the inclusion criteria, and 3 separate submaximal cycling tests were identified from within those 12. Submaximal variables including gross mechanical efficiency, oxygen uptake ((V)over dotO(2)), heart rate, lactate, predicted time to exhaustion (pTE), rating of perceived exertion (RPE), power output, and heart-rate recovery (HRR) were the components of the 3 tests. pTE, submaximal power output, RPE, and HRR appear to have the most value for monitoring improvements in performance and indicate a state of fatigue. This literature review shows that several submaximal cycle tests have been developed over the last decade with the aim to predict, monitor, and optimize cycling performance. To be able to conduct a submaximal test on a regular basis, the test needs to be short in duration and as noninvasive as possible. In addition, a test should capture multiple variables and use multivariate analyses to interpret the submaximal outcomes correctly and alter training prescription if needed.


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Keywords

monitoring


Last updated on 2017-28-04 at 09:50