Journal article

Differential effects of various reclamation treatments on soil characteristics: an experimental study of newly reclaimed tidal mudflats on the east China coast


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Publication Details

Author list: Xie X, Pu L, Zhu M, Meadows M, Sun L, Wu T, Bu X, Xu Y

Publisher: Elsevier

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Science of the Total Environment

Volume number: 768

Start page: 144996

Total number of pages: 12

ISSN: 0048-9697

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2021.144996


Abstract

Reclamation of coastal land is increasingly being used as a means of raising agricultural productivity and improving food security in China. Applications of organic and inorganic supplements on reclaimed soils can significantly adjust a range of soil properties, C, N, P content and stoichiometry, and extracellular enzyme activities. However, the linkages between soil C꞉N꞉P stoichiometry and extracellular enzyme activities following reclamation of coastal saline soil remain largely unclear. In this experimental study, treatments included control (CK), chicken manure (OM), polyacrylamide plus chicken manure (PAM+OM), straw mulching plus chicken manure (SM + OM), buried straw plus chicken manure (BS + OM), and bio-organic manure plus chicken manure (BM + OM) were conducted to explore the linkages between soil physicochemical characteristics in reclaimed soils under different treatments and to evaluate their impact on oat yield. Soils under all reclamation treatments exhibited higher moisture content and, with the exception of SM + OM, lower soil pH compared to the control. The reclamation treatments also significantly decreased soil bulk density (BD) and soil salt content (SSC), and increased soil organic carbon (SOC), total nitrogen (TN) and organic phosphorus (OP). Our study of soil C꞉N꞉P stoichiometry revealed that newly reclaimed soils in the study area are N limited. Additionally, soil invertase (INV), urease (URE) and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity under different reclamation treatments were significantly enhanced compared with CK in surface soil, while soil catalase (CAT) activity was observed to be much higher in BM + OM than in other treatments. Mean oat yields for each of the treatments were ranked as follows: BM + OM > SM + OM > PAM + OM > BS + OM > OM > CK treatment. Our results also indicate that TN (12.1% and 12.4%) was the main factor affecting URE and ALP, whereas BD (13.5%) and pH (8.5) were key factors affecting INV and CAT activity, respectively.


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Last updated on 2021-31-03 at 09:28