Journal article

A framework for complex climate change risk assessment

Publication Details

Author list: Simpson NP, Mach, KJ, Constable A, Hess J, Hogarth R, Howden M, Lawrence J, Lempert R, Muccione V, Mackey B, New MG, O'Niell B, Otto F, Pörtner H-O, Reisinger A, Roberts D, Schmidt D, Seneviratne S, Strongin S, van Aalst M, Totin E, Trisos CH.

Publisher: Cell Press

Publication year: 2021

Journal: One Earth

Volume number: 4

Start page: 489

End page: 501

Total number of pages: 13

ISSN: 2590-3322



Real-world experience underscores the complexity of interactions among the multiple drivers of climate change risks and of interactions among multiple risks. However, a holistic framework for assessing such complex climate change risks has not yet been achieved. Clarity is needed regarding interactions that generate risk, including the role of adaptation and mitigation responses. In this perspective, we present three categories of increasingly complex risk that focus on the interactions among the multiple drivers of risk, as well as among multiple risks. A significant innovation is the recognition that risks can arise from both potential impacts due to climate change and from responses to climate change. This approach encourages thinking that traverses sectoral and regional boundaries, and that links physical and socio-economic drivers of risk. Advancing the assessment of climate change risk in this way is essential for informing decision-making on responses to reduce negative climate change impacts.


Currently no objects available


Climate change, Climate change mitigation, Disaster risk reduction, Global temperature, risk, Risk assessment

Last updated on 2021-28-04 at 11:16