Journal article

Effective tracking of nationally determined contributions: A case study on South Africa

Publication Details

Author list: Ross K., Winkler H.

Publisher: University of Cape Town

Publication year: 2021

Journal: Journal of Energy in Southern Africa

Volume number: 32

Start page: 11

End page: 25

Total number of pages: 15

ISSN: 1021-447X

eISSN: 1021-447X



The Paris Agreement’s enhanced transparency framework requires that all Parties track and report progress toward their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). This paper develops a qualitative, multi-criteria framework that can be used to either design effective NDC tracking systems or evaluate the extent to which Parties are prepared for NDC tracking. The paper also applies the framework to a case study on South Africa, with results indicating that the country is progressing well in terms of selecting appropriate indicators, enacting legislation, and enhancing transparency. In areas of collecting data, reporting on socio-economic outcomes, and making changes in national policy, there is room for improvement, and the paper explores options to this end. Since South Africa has a relatively advanced system for tracking mitigation goals, the findings of the paper suggest that other developing country Parties may require additional resources and capacity to track NDCs effectively.


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Climate change policy, South Africa, Transparency

Last updated on 2021-08-06 at 12:22