Journal article

Pathways to violence propensity: Results from a two-wave study of young males in urban South Africa


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Publication Details

Author list: Edelstein I

Publisher: Routledge

Publication year: 2018

Journal: Journal of Psychology in Africa

Journal name: JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY IN AFRICA

Volume number: 28

Issue number: 1

Start page: 33

End page: 40

Total number of pages: 8

ISSN: 1433-0237

eISSN: 1815-5626

URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/14330237.2018.1426814


Abstract

The aim of this study was to model pathways to violence propensity and violent behaviour among boys and young men in a high-violence community in South Africa . To that end, 284 young males (11 to 23 years old) from Khayelitsha, Cape Town self-reported risk for engagement in interpersonal violence and criminality; including within family, peer, and school domains, over a 12 month period . In Structural Equation Modelling, a pathway emerged through which an unstable home environment, influenced by deprivation and violence, affects the quality of parenting . In turn, early deviant associations and attitudes toward violence and gangs are cultivated and may have a deleterious effect on schooling, resulting in greater future substance abuse, greater violence propensity, and offending . These findings support the life course perspective approach, emphasising turning points and human agency in the aetiology of violence


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Keywords

youth


Last updated on 2020-08-07 at 12:14